Workshop: 2nd ICML Workshop on Machine Learning for Astrophysics

Time Delay Cosmography with a Neural Ratio Estimator

Ève Campeau-Poirier · Laurence Perreault-Levasseur · Adam Coogan · Yashar Hezaveh

[ Abstract ]
Sat 29 Jul 2:45 p.m. PDT — 3 p.m. PDT

Abstract: We explore the use of a Neural Ratio Estimator (NRE) to determine the Hubble constant ($H_0$) in the context of time delay cosmography. Assuming a Singular Isothermal Ellipsoid (SIE) mass profile for the deflector, we simulate time delay measurements, image position measurements, and modeled lensing parameters. We train the NRE to output the posterior distribution of $H_0$ given the time delay measurements, the relative Fermat potentials (calculated from the modeled parameters and the measured image positions), the deflector redshift, and the source redshift. We compare the accuracy and precision of the NRE with traditional explicit likelihood methods in the limit where the latter is tractable and reliable, using Gaussian noise to emulate measurement uncertainties in the input parameters. The NRE posteriors track closely the ones from the conventional method and, while they show a slight tendency to overestimate uncertainties for the quads lensing configuration, they can be combined in a population inference without bias.

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