### Poster

## Multiplicative Weights Update, Area Convexity and Random Coordinate Descent for Densest Subgraph Problems

### Ta Duy Nguyen · Alina Ene

##### Hall C 4-9 #1000

[
Abstract
]
[ Paper PDF ]
Oral
presentation:
Oral 5B Optimization 2

Thu 25 Jul 1:30 a.m. PDT — 2:30 a.m. PDT

[
Poster]

Thu 25 Jul 2:30 a.m. PDT
— 4 a.m. PDT

Thu 25 Jul 1:30 a.m. PDT — 2:30 a.m. PDT

Abstract:
We study the densest subgraph problem and give algorithms via multiplicative weights update and area convexity that converge in $O\left(\frac{\log m}{\epsilon^{2}}\right)$ and $O\left(\frac{\log m}{\epsilon}\right)$ iterations, respectively, both with nearly-linear time per iteration. Compared with the work by Bahmani et al. (2014), our MWU algorithm uses a very different and much simpler procedure for recovering the dense subgraph from the fractional solution and does not employ a binary search. Compared with the work by Boob et al. (2019), our algorithm via area convexity improves the iteration complexity by a factor $\Delta$---the maximum degree in the graph, and matches the fastest theoretical runtime currently known via flows (Chekuri et al., 2022) in total time. Next, we study the dense subgraph decomposition problem and give the first practical iterative algorithm with linear convergence rate $O\left(mn\log\frac{1}{\epsilon}\right)$ via accelerated random coordinate descent. This significantly improves over $O\left(\frac{m\sqrt{mn\Delta}}{\epsilon}\right)$ time of the FISTA-based algorithm by Harb et al. (2022). In the high precision regime $\epsilon\ll\frac{1}{n}$ where we can even recover the exact solution, our algorithm has a total runtime of $O\left(mn\log n\right)$, matching the state of the art exact algorithm via parametric flows (Gallo et al., 1989). Empirically, we show that this algorithm is very practical and scales to very large graphs, and its performance is competitive with widely used methods that have significantly weaker theoretical guarantees.

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