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Spurious Valleys and Clustering Behavior of Neural Networks

Samuele Pollaci

Exhibit Hall 1 #533
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Neural networks constitute a class of functions that are typically non-surjective, with high-dimensional fibers and complicated image. We prove two main results concerning the geometry of the loss landscape of a neural network. First, we provide an explicit effective bound on the sizes of the hidden layers so that the loss landscape has no spurious valleys, which guarantees the success of gradient descent methods. Second, we present a novel method for analyzing whether a given neural network architecture with monomial activation function can represent a target function of interest. The core of our analysis method is the study of a specific set of error values, and its behavior depending on different training datasets.

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