Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


Evaluating Unsupervised Denoising Requires Unsupervised Metrics

AdriĆ  Marcos Morales · Matan Leibovich · Sreyas Mohan · Joshua Vincent · Piyush Haluai · Mai Tan · Peter Crozier · Carlos Fernandez-Granda

Exhibit Hall 1 #703


Unsupervised denoising is a crucial challenge in real-world imaging applications. Unsupervised deep-learning methods have demonstrated impressive performance on benchmarks based on synthetic noise. However, no metrics exist to evaluate these methods in an unsupervised fashion. This is highly problematic for the many practical applications where ground-truth clean images are not available. In this work, we propose two novel metrics: the unsupervised mean squared error (MSE) and the unsupervised peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), which are computed using only noisy data. We provide a theoretical analysis of these metrics, showing that they are asymptotically consistent estimators of the supervised MSE and PSNR. Controlled numerical experiments with synthetic noise confirm that they provide accurate approximations in practice. We validate our approach on real-world data from two imaging modalities: videos in raw format and transmission electron microscopy. Our results demonstrate that the proposed metrics enable unsupervised evaluation of denoising methods based exclusively on noisy data.

Chat is not available.