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Doubly Optimal No-Regret Learning in Monotone Games

Yang Cai · Weiqiang Zheng

Exhibit Hall 1 #718
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Abstract: We consider online learning in multi-player smooth monotone games. Existing algorithms have limitations such as (1) being only applicable to strongly monotone games; (2) lacking the no-regret guarantee; (3) having only asymptotic or slow $\mathcal{O}(\frac{1}{\sqrt{T}})$ last-iterate convergence rate to a Nash equilibrium. While the $\mathcal{O}(\frac{1}{\sqrt{T}})$ rate is tight for a large class of algorithms including the well-studied extragradient algorithm and optimistic gradient algorithm, it is not optimal for all gradient-based algorithms. We propose the *accelerated optimistic gradient* (AOG) algorithm, the first doubly optimal no-regret learning algorithm for smooth monotone games. Namely, our algorithm achieves both (i) the optimal $\mathcal{O}(\sqrt{T})$ regret in the adversarial setting under smooth and convex loss functions and (ii) the optimal $\mathcal{O}(\frac{1}{T})$ last-iterate convergence rate to a Nash equilibrium in multi-player smooth monotone games. As a byproduct of the accelerated last-iterate convergence rate, we further show that each player suffers only an $\mathcal{O}(\log T)$ individual *worst-case dynamic regret*, providing an exponential improvement over the previous state-of-the-art $\mathcal{O}(\sqrt{T})$ bound.

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