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Bayesian Progressive Deep Topic Model with Knowledge Informed Textual Data Coarsening Process

Zhibin Duan · Xinyang Liu · Yudi Su · Yishi Xu · Bo Chen · Mingyuan Zhou

Exhibit Hall 1 #226
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Deep topic models have shown an impressive ability to extract multi-layer document latent representations and discover hierarchical semantically meaningful topics.However, most deep topic models are limited to the single-step generative process, despite the fact that the progressive generative process has achieved impressive performance in modeling image data. To this end, in this paper, we propose a novel progressive deep topic model that consists of a knowledge-informed textural data coarsening process and a corresponding progressive generative model. The former is used to build multi-level observations ranging from concrete to abstract, while the latter is used to generate more concrete observations gradually. Additionally, we incorporate a graph-enhanced decoder to capture the semantic relationships among words at different levels of observation. Furthermore, we perform a theoretical analysis of the proposed model based on the principle of information theory and show how it can alleviate the well-known "latent variable collapse" problem. Finally, extensive experiments demonstrate that our proposed model effectively improves the ability of deep topic models, resulting in higher-quality latent document representations and topics.

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