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High Fidelity Image Counterfactuals with Probabilistic Causal Models

Fabio De Sousa Ribeiro · Tian Xia · Miguel Monteiro · Nick Pawlowski · Ben Glocker

Exhibit Hall 1 #637
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We present a general causal generative modelling framework for accurate estimation of high fidelity image counterfactuals with deep structural causal models. Estimation of interventional and counterfactual queries for high-dimensional structured variables, such as images, remains a challenging task. We leverage ideas from causal mediation analysis and advances in generative modelling to design new deep causal mechanisms for structured variables in causal models. Our experiments demonstrate that our proposed mechanisms are capable of accurate abduction and estimation of direct, indirect and total effects as measured by axiomatic soundness of counterfactuals.

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