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Robust Kernel Density Estimation with Median-of-Means principle

Pierre Humbert · Batiste Le Bars · Ludovic Minvielle

Hall E #916

Keywords: [ MISC: General Machine Learning Techniques ] [ MISC: Unsupervised and Semi-supervised Learning ] [ SA: Trustworthy Machine Learning ]


In this paper, we introduce a robust non-parametric density estimator combining the popular Kernel Density Estimation method and the Median-of-Means principle (MoM-KDE). This estimator is shown to achieve robustness for a large class of anomalous data, potentially adversarial. In particular, while previous works only prove consistency results under very specific contamination models, this work provides finite-sample high-probability error-bounds without any prior knowledge on the outliers. To highlight the robustness of our method, we introduce an influence function adapted to the considered OUI framework. Finally, we show that MoM-KDE achieves competitive results when compared with other robust kernel estimators, while having significantly lower computational complexity.

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