Skip to yearly menu bar Skip to main content


Growing Action Spaces

Gregory Farquhar · Laura Gustafson · Zeming Lin · Shimon Whiteson · Nicolas Usunier · Gabriel Synnaeve

Keywords: [ Deep Reinforcement Learning ] [ Multiagent Learning ] [ Reinforcement Learning ] [ Reinforcement Learning - Deep RL ]


In complex tasks, such as those with large combinatorial action spaces, random exploration may be too inefficient to achieve meaningful learning progress. In this work, we use a curriculum of progressively growing action spaces to accelerate learning. We assume the environment is out of our control, but that the agent may set an internal curriculum by initially restricting its action space. Our approach uses off-policy reinforcement learning to estimate optimal value functions for multiple action spaces simultaneously and efficiently transfers data, value estimates, and state representations from restricted action spaces to the full task. We show the efficacy of our approach in proof-of-concept control tasks and on challenging large-scale StarCraft micromanagement tasks with large, multi-agent action spaces.

Chat is not available.