Counterfactual Cross-Validation: Stable Model Selection Procedure for Causal Inference Models

Yuta Saito · Shota Yasui

Keywords: [ Causality ]

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We study the model selection problem in \textit{conditional average treatment effect} (CATE) prediction. Unlike previous works on this topic, we focus on preserving the rank order of the performance of candidate CATE predictors to enable accurate and stable model selection. To this end, we analyze the model performance ranking problem and formulate guidelines to obtain a better evaluation metric. We then propose a novel metric that can identify the ranking of the performance of CATE predictors with high confidence. Empirical evaluations demonstrate that our metric outperforms existing metrics in both model selection and hyperparameter tuning tasks.

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