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Poster Teaser
Workshop: Graph Representation Learning and Beyond (GRL+)

(#66 / Sess. 2) Bi-Level Graph Neural Networks for Drug-Drug Interaction Prediction

Ken Gu


We introduce Bi-GNN for modeling biological link prediction tasks such as drug-drug interaction (DDI) and protein-protein interaction (PPI). Taking drug-drug interaction as an example, existing methods using machine learning either only utilize the link structure between drugs without using the graph representation of each drug molecule, or only leverage the individual drug compound structures without using graph structure for the higher-level DDI graph. The key idea of our method is to fundamentally view the data as a bi-level graph, where the highest level is a representing the interaction between biological entities (interaction graph), and each biological entity itself is further expanded to its intrinsic graph representation (representation graphs), where the graph is either flat like a drug compound or hierarchical like a protein with amino acid level graph, secondary structure, tertiary structure, etc. Our model not only allows the usage of information from both the high-level interaction graph and the low-level representation graphs, but also offers a baseline for future research opportunities to address the bi-level nature of the data.

Teaser video |

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