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Workshop: The Neglected Assumptions In Causal Inference

On the Distinction Between ``Conditional Average Treatment Effects'' (CATE) and ``Individual Treatment Effects'' (ITE) Under Ignorability Assumptions

Brian Vegetabile


Recent years have seen a swell in methods that focus on estimating individual treatment effects''. These methods are often focused on the estimation of heterogeneous treatment effects under ignorability assumptions. This paper hopes to draw attention to the fact that there is nothing necessarilyindividual'' about such effects under ignorability assumptions and isolating individual effects may require additional assumptions. Such individual effects, more often than not, are more precisely described as ``conditional average treatment effects'' and confusion between the two has the potential to hinder advances in personalized and individualized effect estimation.

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