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Workshop: A Blessing in Disguise: The Prospects and Perils of Adversarial Machine Learning

Enhancing Certified Robustness via Smoothed Weighted Ensembling

Chizhou Liu · Yunzhen Feng · Ranran Wang · Bin Dong

Abstract: Randomized smoothing has achieved state-of-the-art certified robustness against $l_2$-norm adversarial attacks. However, it is not wholly resolved on how to find the optimal base classifier for randomized smoothing. In this work, we employ a Smoothed WEighted ENsembling (SWEEN) scheme to improve the performance of randomized smoothed classifiers. We show the ensembling generality that SWEEN can help achieve optimal certified robustness. Furthermore, theoretical analysis proves that the optimal SWEEN model can be obtained from training under mild assumptions. We also develop an adaptive prediction algorithm to reduce the prediction and certification cost of SWEEN models. Extensive experiments show that SWEEN models outperform the upper envelope of their corresponding candidate models by a large margin. Moreover, SWEEN models constructed using a few small models can achieve comparable performance to a single large model with a notable reduction in training time.

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