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The Neuro-Symbolic Inverse Planning Engine (NIPE): Modeling probabilistic social inferences from linguistic inputs
Lance Ying · Katie Collins · Megan Wei · Cedegao Zhang · Tan Zhi-Xuan · Adrian Weller · Josh Tenenbaum · Catherine Wong

Fri Jul 28 03:15 PM -- 04:30 PM (PDT) @
Event URL: https://openreview.net/forum?id=UNy5AZkBjy »

Human beings are social creatures. We routinely reason about other agents, and a crucial component of this social reasoning is inferring people's goals as we learn about their actions. In many settings, we can perform intuitive but reliable goal inference from language descriptions of agents, actions, and the background environments. In this paper, we study this process of language driving and influencing social reasoning in a probabilistic goal inference domain. We propose a neuro-symbolic model that carries out goal inference from linguistic inputs of agent scenarios. The "neuro" part is a large language model (LLM) that translates language descriptions to code representations, and the "symbolic" part is a Bayesian inverse planning engine. To test our model, we design and run a human experiment on a linguistic goal inference task. Our model closely matches human response patterns and better predicts human judgements than using an LLM alone.

Author Information

Lance Ying (School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University)
Katie Collins (University of Cambridge)
Megan Wei (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Cedegao Zhang (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Tan Zhi-Xuan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Adrian Weller (University of Cambridge, Alan Turing Institute)
Adrian Weller

Adrian Weller is Programme Director for AI at The Alan Turing Institute, the UK national institute for data science and AI, and is a Turing AI Fellow leading work on trustworthy Machine Learning (ML). He is a Principal Research Fellow in ML at the University of Cambridge, and at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence where he is Programme Director for Trust and Society. His interests span AI, its commercial applications and helping to ensure beneficial outcomes for society. Previously, Adrian held senior roles in finance. He received a PhD in computer science from Columbia University, and an undergraduate degree in mathematics from Trinity College, Cambridge.

Josh Tenenbaum (MIT)

Joshua Brett Tenenbaum is Professor of Cognitive Science and Computation at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is known for contributions to mathematical psychology and Bayesian cognitive science. He previously taught at Stanford University, where he was the Wasow Visiting Fellow from October 2010 to January 2011. Tenenbaum received his undergraduate degree in physics from Yale University in 1993, and his Ph.D. from MIT in 1999. His work primarily focuses on analyzing probabilistic inference as the engine of human cognition and as a means to develop machine learning.

Catherine Wong (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

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