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A*Net: A Scalable Path-based Reasoning Approach for Knowledge Graphs
Zhaocheng Zhu · Xinyu Yuan · Mikhail Galkin · Louis-Pascal Xhonneux · Ming Zhang · Maxime Gazeau · Jian Tang

Reasoning on large-scale knowledge graphs has been long dominated by embedding methods. While path-based methods possess the inductive capacity that embeddings lack, their scalability is limited by the exponential number of paths. Here we present ANet, a scalable path-based method for knowledge graph reasoning. Inspired by the A algorithm for shortest path problems, our ANet learns a priority function to select important nodes and edges at each iteration, to reduce time and memory footprint for both training and inference. The ratio of selected nodes and edges can be specified to trade off between performance and efficiency. Experiments on both transductive and inductive knowledge graph reasoning benchmarks show that ANet achieves competitive performance with existing state-of-the-art path-based methods, while merely visiting 10% nodes and 10% edges at each iteration. On a million-scale dataset ogbl-wikikg2, ANet not only achieves a new state-of-the-art result, but also converges faster than embedding methods. ANet is the first path-based method for knowledge graph reasoning at such scale.

Author Information

Zhaocheng Zhu (Mila - Quebec AI Institute)
Xinyu Yuan (Mila / UdeM)
Mikhail Galkin (Intel AI)
Louis-Pascal Xhonneux (Mila)
Ming Zhang ("Peking University, China")
Maxime Gazeau
Jian Tang (Mila-Quebec Ai Institute)

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