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Deoscillated Adaptive Graph Collaborative Filtering
Zhiwei Liu · Lin Meng · Fei Jiang · Jiawei Zhang · Philip Yu

Fri Jul 22 01:45 PM -- 03:00 PM (PDT) @

Collaborative Filtering~(CF) signals are crucial for a Recommender System~(RS) model to learn user and item embeddings. High-order information can alleviate the cold-start issue of CF-based methods, which is modeled through propagating the information over the user-item bipartite graph. Recent Graph Neural Networks~(GNNs) propose to stack multiple aggregation layers to propagate high-order signals. However, there are three challenges, the oscillation problem, varying locality of bipartite graphs, and the fixed propagation pattern, which spoil the ability of the multi-layer structure to propagate information.In this paper, we theoretically prove the existence and boundary of the oscillation problem, and empirically study the varying locality and layer-fixed propagation problems. We propose a new RS model, named as \textbf{D}eoscillated adaptive \textbf{G}raph \textbf{C}ollaborative \textbf{F}iltering~(DGCF), which is constituted by stacking multiple CHP layers and LA layers.We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets to verify the effectiveness of DGCF. Detailed analyses indicate that DGCF solves oscillation problems, adaptively learns local factors, and has layer-wise propagation patterns.

Author Information

Zhiwei Liu (University of Illinois, Chicago)
Lin Meng (Florida State University)
Fei Jiang (University of Chicago)
Jiawei Zhang (Florida State University)
Philip Yu (UIC)

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