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Invited Talk 4 (Suman Jana): Efficient Neural Network Verification using Branch and Bound
Suman Jana

Fri Jul 22 10:30 AM -- 11:00 AM (PDT) @

In this talk, I will describe two recent Branch and Bound (BaB) verifiers developed by our group to ensure different safety properties of neural networks. The BaB verifiers involve two main steps: (1) recursively splitting the original verification problem into easier independent subproblems by splitting input or hidden neurons; and (2) for each split subproblem, using fast but incomplete bound propagation techniques to compute sound estimated bounds for the outputs of the target neural network. One of the key limitations of existing BaB verifiers is computing tight relaxations of activation functions' (i.e., ReLU) nonlinearities. Our recent works (α-CROWN and β-CROWN) introduce a primal-dual approach and jointly optimize the corresponding Lagrangian multipliers for each ReLU with gradient ascent. Such an approach is highly parallelizable and avoids calls to expensive LP solvers. Our verifiers not only provide tighter output estimations than existing bound propagation methods but also can fully leverage GPUs with massive parallelization. Our verifier, α, β-CROWN (alpha-beta-CROWN), won the second International Verification of Neural Networks Competition (VNN-COMP 2021) with the highest total score.

Author Information

Suman Jana (Columbia University)

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