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Optimism in Face of a Context: Regret Guarantees for Stochastic Contextual MDP
Orin Levy · Yishay Mansour
We present regret minimization algorithms for stochastic contextual MDPs under minimum reachability assumption, using an access to an offline least square regression oracle. We analyze three different settings: where the dynamics is known, where the dynamics is unknown but independent of the context and the most challenging setting where the dynamics is unknown and context-dependent. For the latter, our algorithm obtains $ \max\{H,\frac{1}{p_{min}}\}H|S|^{3/2}\sqrt{|A|T\log\frac{\max\{|\mathcal{F}|,|\mathcal{P}|\}}{\delta}} $ regret bound, up to poly-logarithmic factors, with probability $1-\delta$, where $\Fp$ and $\F$ are finite and realizable function classes used to approximate the dynamics and rewards respectively, $p_{min}$ is the minimum reachability parameter, $S$ is the set of states, $A$ the set of actions, $H$ the horizon, and $T$ the number of episodes. To our knowledge, our approach is the first optimistic approach applied to contextual MDPs with general function approximation (i.e., without additional knowledge regarding the function class, such as it being linear and etc.). In addition, we present a lower bound of $\Omega(\sqrt{T H |S| |A| \ln(|\mathcal{F}|/|S|)/\ln(|A|)})$, on the expected regret which holds even in the case of known dynamics.

Author Information

Orin Levy (Tel Aviv University)
Yishay Mansour (Google and Tel Aviv University)

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