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Fast and Reliable Evaluation of Adversarial Robustness with Minimum-Margin Attack
Ruize Gao · Jiongxiao Wang · Kaiwen Zhou · Feng Liu · Binghui Xie · Gang Niu · Bo Han · James Cheng

Tue Jul 19 03:30 PM -- 05:30 PM (PDT) @ Hall E #421

The AutoAttack (AA) has been the most reliable method to evaluate adversarial robustness when considerable computational resources are available. However, the high computational cost (e.g., 100 times more than that of the project gradient descent attack) makes AA infeasible for practitioners with limited computational resources, and also hinders applications of AA in the adversarial training (AT). In this paper, we propose a novel method, minimum-margin (MM) attack, to fast and reliably evaluate adversarial robustness. Compared with AA, our method achieves comparable performance but only costs 3% of the computational time in extensive experiments. The reliability of our method lies in that we evaluate the quality of adversarial examples using the margin between two targets that can precisely identify the most adversarial example. The computational efficiency of our method lies in an effective Sequential TArget Ranking Selection (STARS) method, ensuring that the cost of the MM attack is independent of the number of classes. The MM attack opens a new way for evaluating adversarial robustness and provides a feasible and reliable way to generate high-quality adversarial examples in AT.

Author Information

Ruize Gao (The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Jiongxiao Wang (Fudan University)
Kaiwen Zhou (The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Feng Liu (The University of Melbourne)

I am a machine learning researcher with research interests in hypothesis testing and trustworthy machine learning. I am currently an Assistant Professor in Statistics (Data Science) at the School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Australia. We are also running the Trustworthy Machine Learning and Reasoning (TMLR) Lab where I am one of co-directors (see this page for details). In addition, I am a Visiting Scientist at RIKEN-AIP, Japan, and a Visting Fellow at DeSI Lab, Australian Artificial Intelligence Institute, University of Technology Sydney. I was the recipient of the Australian Laureate postdoctoral fellowship. I received my Ph.D. degree in computer science at the University of Technology Sydney in 2020, advised by Dist. Prof. Jie Lu and Prof. Guangquan Zhang. I was a research intern at the RIKEN-AIP, working on the robust domain adaptation project with Prof. Masashi Sugiyama, Dr. Gang Niu and Dr. Bo Han. I visited Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit at UCL and worked on the hypothesis testing project with Prof. Arthur Gretton, Dr. Danica J. Sutherland and Dr. Wenkai Xu. I have received the Outstanding Paper Award of NeurIPS (2022), the Outstanding Reviewer Award of NeurIPS (2021), the Outstanding Reviewer Award of ICLR (2021), the UTS-FEIT HDR Research Excellence Award (2019). My publications are mainly distributed in high-quality journals or conferences, such as Nature Communications, IEEE-TPAMI, IEEE-TNNLS, IEEE-TFS, NeurIPS, ICML, ICLR, KDD, IJCAI, and AAAI. I have served as a senior program committee (SPC) member for IJCAI, ECAI and program committee (PC) members for NeurIPS, ICML, ICLR, AISTATS, ACML, AAAI and so on. I also serve as reviewers for many academic journals, such as JMLR, IEEE-TPAMI, IEEE-TNNLS, IEEE-TFS and so on.

Binghui Xie (The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Gang Niu (RIKEN)
Gang Niu

Gang Niu is currently an indefinite-term senior research scientist at RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project.

James Cheng (CUHK)

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