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Stochastic Shortest Path: Minimax, Parameter-Free and Towards Horizon-Free Regret
Jean Tarbouriech · Jean Tarbouriech · Simon Du · Matteo Pirotta · Michal Valko · Alessandro Lazaric
We study the problem of learning in the stochastic shortest path (SSP) setting, where an agent seeks to minimize the expected cost accumulated before reaching a goal state. We design a novel model-based algorithm EB-SSP that carefully skews the empirical transitions and perturbs the empirical costs with an exploration bonus to induce an optimistic SSP problem whose associated value iteration scheme is guaranteed to converge. We prove that EB-SSP achieves the minimax regret rate $\widetilde{O}(B_{\star} \sqrt{S A K})$, where $K$ is the number of episodes, $S$ is the number of states, $A$ is the number of actions, and $B_{\star}$ bounds the expected cumulative cost of the optimal policy from any state, thus closing the gap with the lower bound. Interestingly, EB-SSP obtains this result while being parameter-free, i.e., it does not require any prior knowledge of $B_{\star}$, nor of $T_{\star}$, which bounds the expected time-to-goal of the optimal policy from any state. We also show various cases (e.g., positive costs, or general costs when an order-accurate estimate of $T_{\star}$ is available) where the regret only contains a logarithmic dependence on $T_{\star}$, thus yielding the first (nearly) horizon-free regret bound beyond the finite-horizon MDP setting.

Author Information

Jean Tarbouriech (FAIR & Inria)
Jean Tarbouriech (Facebook AI Research & Inria)
Simon Du (University of Washington)
Matteo Pirotta (Facebook AI Research)
Michal Valko (DeepMind / Inria / ENS Paris-Saclay)
Alessandro Lazaric (Facebook AI Research)

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