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Neural Transformation Learning for Deep Anomaly Detection Beyond Images
Chen Qiu · Timo Pfrommer · Marius Kloft · Stephan Mandt · Maja Rudolph

Thu Jul 22 05:40 AM -- 05:45 AM (PDT) @

Data transformations (e.g. rotations, reflections, and cropping) play an important role in self-supervised learning. Typically, images are transformed into different views, and neural networks trained on tasks involving these views produce useful feature representations for downstream tasks, including anomaly detection. However, for anomaly detection beyond image data, it is often unclear which transformations to use. Here we present a simple end-to-end procedure for anomaly detection with learnable transformations. The key idea is to embed the transformed data into a semantic space such that the transformed data still resemble their untransformed form, while different transformations are easily distinguishable. Extensive experiments on time series show that our proposed method outperforms existing approaches in the one-vs.-rest setting and is competitive in the more challenging n-vs.-rest anomaly-detection task. On medical and cyber-security tabular data, our method learns domain-specific transformations and detects anomalies more accurately than previous work.

Author Information

Chen Qiu (TU Kaiserslautern/Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence)
Timo Pfrommer (Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence)
Marius Kloft (TU Kaiserslautern)
Stephan Mandt (University of California, Irivine)

Stephan Mandt is an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Irvine. From 2016 until 2018, he was a Senior Researcher and head of the statistical machine learning group at Disney Research, first in Pittsburgh and later in Los Angeles. He held previous postdoctoral positions at Columbia University and at Princeton University. Stephan holds a PhD in Theoretical Physics from the University of Cologne. He is a Fellow of the German National Merit Foundation, a Kavli Fellow of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and was a visiting researcher at Google Brain. Stephan serves regularly as an Area Chair for NeurIPS, ICML, AAAI, and ICLR, and is a member of the Editorial Board of JMLR. His research is currently supported by NSF, DARPA, IBM, and Qualcomm.

Maja Rudolph (BCAI)

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