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Time-Consistent Self-Supervision for Semi-Supervised Learning
Tianyi Zhou · Shengjie Wang · Jeff Bilmes

Wed Jul 15 10:00 AM -- 10:45 AM & Wed Jul 15 11:00 PM -- 11:45 PM (PDT) @ Virtual

Semi-supervised learning (SSL) leverages unlabeled data when training a model with insufficient labeled data. A common strategy for SSL is to enforce the consistency of model outputs between similar samples, e.g., neighbors or data augmentations of the same sample. However, model outputs can vary dramatically on unlabeled data over different training stages, e.g., when using large learning rates. This can introduce harmful noises and inconsistent objectives over time that may lead to concept drift and catastrophic forgetting. In this paper, we study the dynamics of neural net outputs in SSL and show that selecting and using first the unlabeled samples with more consistent outputs over the course of training (i.e., "time-consistency") can improve the final test accuracy and save computation. Under the time-consistent data selection, we design an SSL objective composed of two self-supervised losses, i.e., a consistency loss between a sample and its augmentation, and a contrastive loss encouraging different samples to have different outputs. Our approach achieves SOTA on several SSL benchmarks with much fewer computations.

Author Information

Tianyi Zhou (University of Washington)
Tianyi Zhou

Tianyi Zhou is a tenure-track assistant professor of Computer Science and UMIACS at the University of Maryland, College Park. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Washington, Seattle. His research interests are machine learning, optimization, and natural language processing. His recent works focus on curriculum learning, hybrid human-artificial intelligence, trustworthy and robust AI, plasticity-stability trade-off in ML, large language and multi-modality models, reinforcement learning, federated learning, and meta-learning. He has published ~90 papers at NeurIPS, ICML, ICLR, AISTATS, ACL, EMNLP, NAACL, COLING, CVPR, KDD, ICDM, AAAI, IJCAI, ISIT, Machine Learning (Springer), IEEE TIP/TNNLS/TKDE, etc. He is the recipient of the Best Student Paper Award at ICDM 2013 and the 2020 IEEE TCSC Most Influential Paper Award. He served as an SPC member or area chair in AAAI, IJCAI, KDD, WACV, etc. Tianyi was a visiting research scientist at Google and a research intern at Microsoft Research Redmond and Yahoo! Labs.

Shengjie Wang (University of Washington)
Jeff Bilmes (UW)

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