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Radioactive data: tracing through training
Alexandre Sablayrolles · Douze Matthijs · Cordelia Schmid · Herve Jegou

Wed Jul 15 12:00 PM -- 12:45 PM & Thu Jul 16 01:00 AM -- 01:45 AM (PDT) @ None #None

Data tracing determines whether a particular image dataset has been used to train a model. We propose a new technique, radioactive data, that makes imperceptible changes to this dataset such that any model trained on it will bear an identifiable mark. Given a trained model, our technique detects the use of radioactive data and provides a level of confidence (p-value). Experiments on large-scale benchmarks (Imagenet), with standard architectures (Resnet-18, VGG-16, Densenet-121) and training procedures, show that we detect radioactive data with high confidence (p<0.0001) when only 1% of the data used to trained a model is radioactive. Our radioactive mark is resilient to strong data augmentations and variations of the model architecture. As a result, it offers a much higher signal-to-noise ratio than data poisoning and backdoor methods.

Author Information

Alexandre Sablayrolles (Facebook AI)
Douze Matthijs (Facebook AI Research)
Cordelia Schmid (Inria/Google)
Herve Jegou (Facebook AI Research)

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