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Fairwashing explanations with off-manifold detergent
Christopher Anders · Plamen Pasliev · Ann-Kathrin Dombrowski · Klaus-robert Mueller · Pan Kessel

Wed Jul 15 11:00 AM -- 11:45 AM & Thu Jul 16 12:00 AM -- 12:45 AM (PDT) @
Explanation methods promise to make black-box classifiers more transparent. As a result, it is hoped that they can act as proof for a sensible, fair and trustworthy decision-making process of the algorithm and thereby increase its acceptance by the end-users. In this paper, we show both theoretically and experimentally that these hopes are presently unfounded. Specifically, we show that, for any classifier $g$, one can always construct another classifier $\tilde{g}$ which has the same behavior on the data (same train, validation, and test error) but has arbitrarily manipulated explanation maps. We derive this statement theoretically using differential geometry and demonstrate it experimentally for various explanation methods, architectures, and datasets. Motivated by our theoretical insights, we then propose a modification of existing explanation methods which makes them significantly more robust.

Author Information

Christopher Anders (TU Berlin)
Plamen Pasliev (TU Berlin)
Ann-Kathrin Dombrowski (TU Berlin)
Klaus-robert Mueller (Technische Universität Berlin)
Pan Kessel (TU Berlin)

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