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Interpreting Adversarially Trained Convolutional Neural Networks
Tianyuan Zhang · Zhanxing Zhu

Wed Jun 12 05:05 PM -- 05:10 PM (PDT) @ Seaside Ballroom

We attempt to interpret how adversarially trained convolutional neural networks (AT-CNNs) recognize objects. We design systematic approaches to interpret AT-CNNs in both qualitative and quantitative ways, and compare them with normally trained models. Surprisingly, we find that adversarial training alleviates the texture bias of standard CNNs when trained on object recognition tasks, and helps CNNs learn a more shape-biased representation. We validate our hypothesis from two aspects. First, we compare the salience maps of AT-CNNs and standard CNNs on clean images and image under different transformations. The comparison could visually show that the predictions of the two types of CNNs are sensitive to dramatically different types of features. Second, to achieve quantitative verification, we construct additional test datasets that destroy either textures or shapes, such as style-transferred version of clean data, saturated images and patch-shuffled ones, and then evaluate the classification accuracy of AT-CNNs and normal CNNs on these datasets.
Our findings shed some light on why AT-CNNs are more robust than those normally trained ones and contribute to a better understanding of adversarial training over CNNs from an interpretation perspective.

The code for reproducibility is provided in the Supplementary Materials.

Author Information

Tianyuan Zhang (Peking University)

looking for phd position

Zhanxing Zhu (Peking University)

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