QTRAN: Learning to Factorize with Transformation for Cooperative Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning
Kyunghwan Son · Daewoo Kim · Wan Ju Kang · David Earl Hostallero · Yung Yi

Thu Jun 13th 05:05 -- 05:10 PM @ Hall B

We explore value-based solutions for multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) tasks in the centralized training with decentralized execution (CTDE) regime popularized recently. However, VDN and QMIX are representative examples that use the idea of factorization of the joint action-value function into individual ones for decentralized execution. VDN and QMIX address only a fraction of factorizable MARL tasks due to their structural constraint in factorization such as additivity and monotonicity. In this paper, we propose a new factorization method for MARL, QTRAN, which is free from such structural constraints and takes on a new approach to transforming the original joint action-value function into an easily factorizable one, with the same optimal actions. QTRAN guarantees successful factorization of any factorizable task, thus covering a much wider class of MARL tasks than does VDN or QMIX. Our experiments for the tasks of multi-domain Gaussian-squeeze and modified predator-prey demonstrate QTRAN's superior performance with especially larger margins in games whose payoffs penalize non-cooperative behavior more aggressively.

Author Information

Kyunghwan Son (KAIST)
Daewoo Kim (KAIST)
Wan Ju Kang (KAIST)
David Earl Hostallero (KAIST)
Yung Yi (KAIST)

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