Concrete Autoencoders: Differentiable Feature Selection and Reconstruction
Muhammed Fatih Balın · Abubakar Abid · James Zou

Thu Jun 13th 11:20 -- 11:25 AM @ Room 103

We introduce the concrete autoencoder, an end-to-end differentiable method for global feature selection, which efficiently extracts a sparse set of the most informative features and simultaneously learns a neural network to reconstruct the input data from the selected features. Our method is unsupervised, and is based on using a concrete selector layer as the encoder and using a standard neural network as the decoder. During the training phase, the temperature of the concrete selector layer is gradually decreased, which encourages a user-specified number of discrete features to be learned. During test time, the selected features can be used with the decoder network to reconstruct the remaining input features. We evaluate concrete autoencoders on a variety of datasets, where they significantly outperform state-of-the-art methods for feature selection and data reconstruction. In particular, on a large-scale gene expression dataset, the concrete autoencoder selects a small subset of genes whose expression levels can be use to impute the expression levels of the remaining genes. In doing so, it improves on the current widely-used expert-curated L1000 landmark genes, potentially saving experimental costs. The concrete autoencoder can be implemented by adding just a few lines of code to a standard autoencoder.

Author Information

Muhammed Fatih Balın (Bogazici )
Abubakar Abid (Stanford)
James Zou (Stanford University)

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