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MIWAE: Deep Generative Modelling and Imputation of Incomplete Data Sets
Pierre-Alexandre Mattei · Jes Frellsen

Thu Jun 13 10:10 AM -- 10:15 AM (PDT) @ Hall A

We consider the problem of handling missing data with deep latent variable models (DLVMs). First, we present a simple technique to train DLVMs when the training set contains missing-at-random data. Our approach, called MIWAE, is based on the importance-weighted autoencoder (IWAE), and maximises a potentially tight lower bound of the log-likelihood of the observed data. Compared to the original IWAE, our algorithm does not induce any additional computational overhead due to the missing data. We also develop Monte Carlo techniques for single and multiple imputation using a DLVM trained on an incomplete data set. We illustrate our approach by training a convolutional DLVM on a static binarisation of MNIST that contains 50% of missing pixels. Leveraging multiple imputation, a convolutional network trained on these incomplete digits has a test performance similar to one trained on complete data. On various continuous and binary data sets, we also show that MIWAE provides accurate single imputations, and is highly competitive with state-of-the-art methods.

Author Information

Pierre-Alexandre Mattei (IT University Copenhagen)
Jes Frellsen (IT University of Copenhagen)

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