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Approximating Orthogonal Matrices with Effective Givens Factorization
Thomas Frerix · Joan Bruna

Wed Jun 12 02:30 PM -- 02:35 PM (PDT) @ Room 102

We develop effective approximation methods for unitary matrices. In our formulation, a unitary matrix is represented as a product of rotations in two-dimensional subspaces, so-called Givens rotations. Instead of the quadratic dimension dependence when applying a dense matrix, applying such an approximation scales with the number factors, each of which can be implemented efficiently. Consequently, in settings where an approximation is once computed and then applied many times, such an effective representation becomes advantageous. Although efficient Givens factorizations are not possible for generic unitary operators, we show that minimizing a sparsity-inducing objective with a coordinate descent algorithm on the unitary group yields good factorizations for structured matrices. Canonical applications of such a setup are orthogonal basis transforms. We demonstrate that our methods improve the approximate representation of the graph Fourier transform, the matrix obtained when diagonalizing a graph Laplacian.

Author Information

Thomas Frerix (Technical University of Munich)
Joan Bruna (New York University)

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