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Adversarial Generation of Time-Frequency Features with application in audio synthesis
Andrés Marafioti · Nathanaël Perraudin · Nicki Holighaus · Piotr Majdak

Tue Jun 11 02:25 PM -- 02:30 PM (PDT) @ Grand Ballroom

Time-frequency (TF) representations provide powerful and intuitive features for the analysis of time series such as audio. But still, generative modeling of audio in the TF domain is a subtle matter. Consequently, neural audio synthesis widely relies on directly modeling the waveform and previous attempts at unconditionally synthesizing audio from neurally generated TF features still struggle to produce audio at satisfying quality. In this contribution, focusing on the short-time Fourier transform, we discuss the challenges that arise in audio synthesis based on generated TF features and how to overcome them. We demonstrate the potential of deliberate generative TF modeling by training a generative adversarial network (GAN) on short-time Fourier features. We show that our TF-based network was able to outperform the state-of-the-art GAN generating waveform, despite the similar architecture in the two networks.

Author Information

Andrés Marafioti (Austrian Academy of Sciences)

Andrés Marafioti studied audio engineering at the National University of Tres de Febrero (UNTREF), Buenos Aires, Argentina. He graduated with the Master's thesis entitled "Automatic identification of acoustical musical instruments", in which he applied machine-learning techniques to classify 21 different musical instruments. After, he worked for two years as a software developer for FaroLatino, the leading entertainment & music multiplatform network in Latin America. Since September 2017 he is part of the Acoustic Research Institute's workgroup "Mathematics and Signal Processing in Acoustics", where he works on sound generation and restoration for the project "Modern methods for the restoration of lost information in digital signals" (MERLIN).

Nathanaël Perraudin (Swiss Data Science Center)
Nicki Holighaus (Acoustics Research Institute)
Piotr Majdak (Acoustics Research Institute)

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