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Representation Learning on Graphs with Jumping Knowledge Networks
Keyulu Xu · Chengtao Li · Yonglong Tian · Tomohiro Sonobe · Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi · Stefanie Jegelka

Wed Jul 11 07:20 AM -- 07:40 AM (PDT) @ A5

Recent deep learning approaches for representation learning on graphs follow a neighborhood aggregation procedure. We analyze some important properties of these models, and propose a strategy to overcome those. In particular, the range of "neighboring" nodes that a node's representation draws from strongly depends on the graph structure, analogous to the spread of a random walk. To adapt to local neighborhood properties and tasks, we explore an architecture -- jumping knowledge (JK) networks -- that flexibly leverages, for each node, different neighborhood ranges to enable better structure-aware representation. In a number of experiments on social, bioinformatics and citation networks, we demonstrate that our model achieves state-of-the-art performance. Furthermore, combining the JK framework with models like Graph Convolutional Networks, GraphSAGE and Graph Attention Networks consistently improves those models' performance.

Author Information

Keyulu Xu (MIT)
Chengtao Li (MIT)
Yonglong Tian (MIT)
Tomohiro Sonobe (National Institute of Informatics)
Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi (National Institute of Informatics)
Stefanie Jegelka (MIT)

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