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Interpretability Beyond Feature Attribution: Quantitative Testing with Concept Activation Vectors (TCAV)
Been Kim · Martin Wattenberg · Justin Gilmer · Carrie Cai · James Wexler · Fernanda Viégas · Rory sayres

Fri Jul 13 09:15 AM -- 12:00 PM (PDT) @ Hall B #137

The interpretation of deep learning models is a challenge due to their size, complexity, and often opaque internal state. In addition, many systems, such as image classifiers, operate on low-level features rather than high-level concepts. To address these challenges, we introduce Concept Activation Vectors (CAVs), which provide an interpretation of a neural net's internal state in terms of human-friendly concepts. The key idea is to view the high-dimensional internal state of a neural net as an aid, not an obstacle. We show how to use CAVs as part of a technique, Testing with CAVs (TCAV), that uses directional derivatives to quantify the degree to which a user-defined concept is important to a classification result--for example, how sensitive a prediction of “zebra” is to the presence of stripes. Using the domain of image classification as a testing ground, we describe how CAVs may be used to explore hypotheses and generate insights for a standard image classification network as well as a medical application.

Author Information

Been Kim (Google)
Martin Wattenberg (Google)
Justin Gilmer (Google Brain)
Carrie Cai
James Wexler (Google)
Fernanda Viégas (Google)
Rory sayres (Google)

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