The past few years have witnessed growth in the computational requirements for training deep convolutional neural networks. Current approaches parallelize training onto multiple devices by applying a single parallelization strategy (e.g., data or model parallelism) to all layers in a network. Although easy to reason about, these approaches result in suboptimal runtime performance in large-scale distributed training, since different layers in a network may prefer different parallelization strategies. In this paper, we propose layer-wise parallelism that allows each layer in a network to use an individual parallelization strategy. We jointly optimize how each layer is parallelized by solving a graph search problem. Our evaluation shows that layer-wise parallelism outperforms state-of-the-art approaches by increasing training throughput, reducing communication costs, achieving better scalability to multiple GPUs, while maintaining original network accuracy.
Zhihao Jia (Stanford University)
Sina Lin (Microsoft)
Charles Qi (Stanford University)
Alex Aiken (Stanford University)
Related Events (a corresponding poster, oral, or spotlight)
2018 Oral: Exploring Hidden Dimensions in Accelerating Convolutional Neural Networks »
Thu Jul 12th 09:00 -- 09:20 AM Room A9