Sparse Cooperative Q-learning
Jelle Kok - University of Amsterdam
Nikos Vlassis - University of Amsterdam
Learning in multiagent systems suffers from the fact that both the state and the action space scale exponentially with the number of agents. In this paper we are interested in using Q-learning to learn the coordinated actions of a group of cooperative agents, using a sparse representation of the joint state-action space of the agents. We first examine a compact representation in which the agents need to explicitly coordinate their actions only in a predefined set of states. Next, we use a coordination-graph approach in which we represent the Q-values by value rules that specify the coordination dependencies of the agents at particular states. We show how Q-learning can be efficiently applied to learn a coordinated policy for the agents in the above framework. We demonstrate the proposed method on the predator-prey domain, and we compare it with other related multiagent Q-learning methods.